1 – Is Quinoa Fattening?
Quinoa has more protein than all other grains and the protein in quinoa contains all essential amino acids making it a complete protein. Protein intake can increase metabolism and help reduce appetite. According to a study, in comparison to wheat and rice, quinoa was found to provide greater satiety, making it an excellent alternative for weight loss and management.
2 – Is Quinoa Gluten Free?
Quinoa is an important source of nutrients for individuals having celiac disease. Celiac disease is brought on by dietary gluten present in wheat, rye and barley. A strict gluten free diet is the current treatment for celiac disease. Quinoa is highly nutritious, with low prolamin concentrations, which has been advised as part of a gluten free diet for celiac disease.
3 – Quinoa and Diabetes
The antioxidant activity of the quercetin in quinoa has the ability to reduce sorbitol levels Sorbitol is a sugar which accumulates in kidney cells, nerve cells, and cells in the eyes of type 2 diabetes patients
4 – Quinoa for Cholesterol
Research has shown that quinoa lowers total cholesterol and helps maintain HDL cholesterol levels.
5 – Quinoa for Cancer
Scientists have found quinoa to be especially rich in an antioxidant known as quercetin, even higher than other high quercetin foods such as cranberries. Quercetin has been shown to have anti-cancer properties.
6 – Quinoa for Migraines
Quinoa is high in magnesium and vitamin B2. Magnesium helps to alleviate migraines by relaxing blood vessels. Vitamin B2 helps to reduce migraine by promoting the expansion of blood vessels in the brain.
7 – Quinoa for Digestion
Quinoa has almost twice the amount of dietary fiber compared to most other grains. Dietary fiber promotes healthy digestion and is known to relieve constipation.
8 – Quinoa for Cardiovascular Health
Research has associated quinoa rich diets with a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular conditions like stroke and heart disease.
9 – Quinoa for Healthy Muscles
Quinoa is high in manganese, an antioxidant that helps in preventing damage of mitochondria during energy production. Quinoa also contains the amino acid lysine, essential for tissue growth and repair. Lysine is usually found in sports supplements used for muscle growth.
10 – Quinoa for Healthy Blood
Quinoa contains iron, which helps to keep the red blood cells healthy.
Nutrients in Quinoa
Quinoa is a great source of manganese and magnesium. It’s a very good source of protein source as well as vitamins E and B2, and dietary fiber. It’s a good source of iron, copper, phosphorus and zinc. Quinoa has been considered as a crop for NASA’s Controlled Ecological Life Support System due to its high protein values and unique composition of amino acids. One serving of quinoa has the following amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, lysine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, methionine, cysteine, histidine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. The exact amounts of these amino acids varies slightly, but a serving of quinoa always has significant amounts of each. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Our bodies require amino acids to make structural proteins as well as produce hormones and neurotransmitters. Although our bodies use a multitude of amino acids, we only need nine essential amino acids in our diet.
Nutritional value of quinoa per 100g (cooked):
- How many calories in quinoa – 120
- How much protein in quinoa – 4.4g
- How many carbs in quinoa – 21g
- What is the fat content of quinoa – 1.9g
History of Quinoa
Quinoa was for the South American Native Americans a dietary staple. A mixture of fat and quinoa known as “war balls” was used to sustain the Incan armies that usually marched days at a time. In an effort to wipe out the South American natives as well as their culture, the Spanish conquistadors just about eradicated the existence of quinoa.
The majority of quinoa is brought in from South American countries like Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador, though it’s also being grown in the Colorado Rockies in the U.S.
Media stories published in the last few years have discouraged people from buying imported quinoa, but the idea that worldwide demand for quinoa is resulting in the local population unable to afford it is a gross oversimplification. Instead of helping, discouraging demand for quinoa could threaten to harm a most promising industry in one of the world’s poorest places.
References for Health Benefits of Quinoa: PDF, PMID: 16277791, PMID: 19519750, PMID: 19735168, PMID: 18467024, PMID: 18448177, DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.09.087,
Infographics via: FabFitFun, Souplantation